• 国外留学生

Introduction to China’s Universities

General Introduction
(Adapted form www.chinadaily.com.cn)

In the 1980s,China’s higher education achieved considerable progress.By the end of 1992,China had 1,075 full time institutions of higher learning with 881,000 graduated and 1,320,000,000 undergraduates.So far,there are 1,700 research institutions of natural sciences run by universities ,220 research institutes and 540 research centers of social sciences,400 key disiplines and 99 national laboratories.It goes without saying that institutions of higher learning have been playing as important role in China’s scientific research.

China’s universities fall under either the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education ,over ministries of the Central government,provinces,autonomous regions,municipalities or certain major cities.Universities and independent institutes are all institutions of higher learning on the same footing.

In China,a strict entrance examination system has been introduced with a view to ensuring the quality of new entrants to universities.The unified national entrance examination is open to graduates of senior middle schools.Only the best and brightest in terms of all round development of morality,intelligence and physique can have access to higher education.

The academic year of full time universities is separated into two semesters (A few have three).The first semesters begins in September and the second in February.Each semester has about 20 weeks and each week has six school days.In addition to mandatory winter and summer vacarions,every 1 Jannuary students have a day-off, and 1May (International Labor Day) and 1 October (National Day) students have 7-day holidays.Universities operate normally on other anniversaries and traditional fetes.

School Life in China’s Universities
(Adapted form www.chinadaily.com.cn)

Chinese students generally live in school dormitories and eat in the school cafeteria. A campus has many playgrounds with fully equipped facilities which are provided for the convenience of students for spare time sports activities. Apart from usual physical exercise, students have access to different sports events and competitions organized by universities, such as long distance running in winter, swimming in summer and ball games and chess games. Students strong in sports can join their university teams of basketball, volleyball, football, etc. Fans of Wushu (the martial art) and Qigong will have teachers available for them. The annual sports games of each university provide students and teachers with the chance to best demonstrate their talent in sports events.

The student union and organizations bring together many students of common interest who set up their own chorus, dancing troupe, orchestra, photography association, calligraphy association, painting association, etc. They have regular activities. Students in the associations develop their abilities and give full play to their talents. Universities admitting foreign students have established separate dormitories and canteens for them. When conditions permit, foreign students can also share dormitories with Chinese students. They are also free to eat either in the reserved or Chinese Students’ canteens.

Universities have paid ample attention to extra-curricular activities for foreign students. They are organized to watch artistic performances and go out for sightseeing for rest and recreation after intense studies. Foreign students are welcome to attend the school’s sports games, long distance running competitions, swimming and ball games, as well as other related activities of students’ organizations.

Friendly exchanges between Chinese and foreign students are encouraged and in particular, contact between Chinese and foreign youth. Universities often conduct seminars and parties for Chinese and foreign students and other social activities. Chinese students, with a strong interest in knowledge, are hardworking and cherish their friendship with foreign students; therefore they are eager to make friends with them and share their good times and bad. The students through contact with each other will establish a profound friendship.
School Spirit in China’s Institutions of Higher Education
China’s universities attach great importance to good school spirit. In many universities, a good school spirit is embodied by diligence, hardwork, strictness, realism, pioneering, innovation and originality. Based on the characteristics of their specialities, different universities accentuate specific aspects of school spirit. For instance, medical universities install in their school spirit the concept of humanitarianism; normal universities recommend the students to develop the spirit of sacrifice and be paragons of virtue and learning; and universities of political science and law encourage the students to cultivate noble characters and to be upright and just, honest and faithful to the duties.

Student Administration in China’s Universities
(Adapted form www.chinadaily.com.cn)

Students are required by universities to complete registration procedures in time. Freshmen, before acquiring the status as students, are subject to re-examination.

China’s universities check both students’attendance and achievement. Absence from class without any sound reason is prohibited. Participation in examination specified by the teaching programme is obligatory. When studentshave complete all courses offered in the programme and passed the examination, they are entitled to go up one grade. In universities where the credit system has been introduced, a credit is obtained when any student passes the examination will result in repetition, back to a lower grade or discontinuation of schooling according to school regulations.

Students of good character and scholarship are rewarded, commended and granted scholarship by China’s universities.

Any foreign student in China’s university is considered as an ordinary student and hence should abide by all the rules and regulations of the university.

Teaching and Scientific Research in China’s Universities
(Adapted form www.chinadaily.com.cn)

University education is conducted strictly according to teaching programme and syllabus. The main means of university education are classroom discussion, laboratory work, exercises and guidance lectures. In addition, on the spot instruction, instruction tours, instruction experiment and social studies are often organized to supplement the classroom instruction. These activities are intended to consolidte the results of classroom instruction and improve the ability of students to do field work and their capacity to apply the acquired knowledge. The library at university level and resource centre at department level are open to students and providing them with a favourable environment for learning and research. Universities are equipped with advanced teaching facilities and use modernized teaching methods so as to guarantee the realization of education targets.

Scientific research in China’s universities constitutes an important force in the advancement of science and technology and economic development. So far, 2,460 research institutes and thousands of faculties have been established in universities and can virtually meet all researches need of the various degrees. As of 1984, the government had established 99 national key laboratories in various universities. In recent years, universities have been carrying out 70 thousand projects annually, among which more than 50% are national and local projects. Universities take up about 60% of the projects financed by the National Fund for Natural Sciences according to its appropriation. This has resulted in the obtainment and appraisal of 7 thousand achievements in scientific research.

Teaching and Scientific Research in China’s Universities
(Adapted form www.chinadaily.com.cn)

University education is conducted strictly according to teaching programme and syllabus. The main means of university education are classroom discussion, laboratory work, exercises and guidance lectures. In addition, on the spot instruction, instruction tours, instruction experiment and social studies are often organized to supplement the classroom instruction. These activities are intended to consolidte the results of classroom instruction and improve the ability of students to do field work and their capacity to apply the acquired knowledge. The library at university level and resource centre at department level are open to students and providing them with a favourable environment for learning and research. Universities are equipped with advanced teaching facilities and use modernized teaching methods so as to guarantee the realization of education targets.

Scientific research in China’s universities constitutes an important force in the advancement of science and technology and economic development. So far, 2,460 research institutes and thousands of faculties have been established in universities and can virtually meet all researches need of the various degrees. As of 1984, the government had established 99 national key laboratories in various universities. In recent years, universities have been carrying out 70 thousand projects annually, among which more than 50% are national and local projects. Universities take up about 60% of the projects financed by the National Fund for Natural Sciences according to its appropriation. This has resulted in the obtainment and appraisal of 7 thousand achievements in scientific research.

 

Sources form www.chinadaily.com.cn